Eveything You Should Know about the Montessori Method

Eveything You Should Know about the Montessori Method

Have you heard of the Montessori method before? Your answer is probably yes, but at the same time, you may have wondered if it could be applied in any classroom. Every day, more and more classes in public schools are starting to use this method and teachers are seeing its benefits.

The Montessori method is perfect, it is a method that can be applied both at home and in the classroom, since children will understand any content and develop fully as human beings.

Of course, the ideal would be to apply the whole method on a daily basis, not just some activities or materials, but we can start with something. Want to know more about it? Keep reading as in today’s blog we will learn more about this method.

What is the Montessori Method?

  • The Montessori Method is an educational method, characterized by independence, freedom with limits and respect for the physical and social development of the child.
  • It recognizes the importance of child-directed activity and adult observation.
  • The child develops through free work with instructional materials.
  • The goal of the method is to develop the child’s potential in a structured environment.
  • The method originated at the hands of Dr. María Montessori in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, began in suburban schools in Rome, and is currently spread throughout the world.

María Montessori was interested in the education of children who had a special type of need, she made these children learn to read and write, she even managed to make children with mental disorders or special needs pass school exams.

The Montessori method consists of following the child’s rhythm, accompanying him throughout his life, the most important being to create a calm and respectful environment. María Montessori describes the mind of the child from 0 to 6 years old as the absorbing mind, where it has the greatest potential to develop its learning in an unconscious way.

With this method we can obtain autonomous, orderly, independent, empathetic, kind, supportive, happy children, with critical thinking, they will have confidence in themselves… they will grow up in freedom, loving what they do and they will become happy adults, since everything they do will be for and by them.

The biggest problem with the Montessori method is the confusion that exists between its terms, because the name Montessori is often added to aspects that are not.

Characteristics of the Montessori Method

The child is the one who chooses the activity to be done, he is completely free, we just need a prepared environment and specific materials. The prepared environment consists mainly of furniture, which must be adapted and within the child’s reach, so that he/she can use it alone without the help of an adult.

The prepared environment aims to develop the child’s potential and learning, doing it at his own pace and leaving him free to choose what he wants to do at any time. To do this, the environment must be:

  • Orderly, children need an orderly environment with routines, because their brains need them. In this way we also avoid tantrums.
  • Pleasant and clean, we need to create an environment where everything is in perfect condition, that is, there are no broken objects and everything must be clean, so that they always try to keep it.
  • Structured, depending on the age of the child and the time of his development, the environment and the objects in it must be structured.
  • A place with freedom of movement, where everything you need is within the child’s reach and they can move freely in that space.
  • Real, all objects in the environment must be real, for example the child must use crystal glasses, when something represents a danger, it will always be used under adult supervision.
  • Natural, the child must begin by learning in nature, so that they will develop an appreciation for the living things around them. In addition, Maria Montessori encouraged guides to take children out into nature, as she believed that it inspired children.
  • Peaceful, so that the child works in a relaxed manner.

Organize the environment according to the sensitive periods, María Montessori defines them as periods when the child has a special interest in something, they occur once in a lifetime and once they pass, they do not return.

The sensitive periods go from birth to six years, we can find, for example, the sensitive period of movement, order, language, etc., as teachers we must know how to see this moment and give him a response so that it lays the foundation for future learning.

The adult in the Montessori Method, acts as a guide and is of vital importance, he/she only designs the environment and constantly observes the child without intervening. His objective is to observe and stimulate the child to learn by himself and thus become completely autonomous and independent.

You now know more about this wonderful method. Are you an educator willing to teach with this approach? Let us know your thoughts on the Montessori method in the comments below.