Have you heard of inclusive education? If you haven’t or if you have but don’t know exactly what it is, not to worry! In today’s article, we will discuss and explore more about this concept.
Teachers always strive to maintain an optimal classroom environment, and one of the best ways to do this is to implement inclusive education. If you are a teacher who wants to make a difference and improve learning opportunities for all of your students, this article will help. Read on to learn more.
What Is Inclusive Education?
We can define inclusive education as a model of education in which all students, regardless of their abilities and diverse special needs, learn equally in the same shared environment. Inclusive education aims to ensure that all students are treated equally, both in terms of opportunities and social contacts. In the environments where this education is implemented, the diversity and uniqueness of students should be celebrated without discrimination.
Unfortunately, there are still instances where children are treated differently because of their unique qualities. No teacher should create barriers between their students and no student should be separated based on their differences or learning abilities.
Students are often discriminated against because of disability, race, gender, socioeconomic status of the language they speak.
These issues are not only present in physical classrooms but also in blended learning environments and virtual classrooms.
Various academic studies have concluded that the student population with various disabilities is increasing. We need to be able to accommodate these students and give them equal access as everyone has a right to an education.
Types of Inclusive Education
Every student has needs and characteristics that make them different and unique. It is important to choose the right type of education for your students based on their individual needs.
This model of education is centered on the theory that all students have a sense of belonging in the classroom. A full inclusion model means that students with visible or hidden disabilities will always work alongside their peers.
If a school uses the full inclusion model, it will need to monitor students’ progress closely and make sure the plan is working for them. If the full inclusion plan is too complicated to implement, a partial inclusion can be used instead.
This instructional model also relies on allowing all students to learn and interact with the main group. However, partial inclusion also involves separate learning for students who need additional support outside of the classroom.
Students participating in a partial inclusion plan will continue to spend the majority of their learning time in the classroom. However, they will also spend time outside of the main classroom to receive additional support from special education teachers.
With the integration method, students with disabilities begin their school career in a self-contained classroom, separate from the main class.
If students do well in their self-contained class, they can join the main group based on their abilities. This method can be less intimidating for some students and allows them to gradually integrate into a fully inclusive classroom.
Key Features of Inclusive Teaching and Learning
How an inclusive educational environment is implemented varies by school and situation, but there are some key goals to keep in mind when creating your inclusive classroom plan. Let’s look at a few important factors in this educational model:
- Each student must receive an excellent education.
- Classes should be made up of students of diverse abilities.
- No child should be separated from the regular groups because of discrimination.
- Each planned activity should take into account the unique aspects and individual needs of students.
- Create an accessible environment (e.g., wheelchair ramps and visual alternatives to course content for students with hearing loss).
- Support should be provided to all students to assist them in reaching their full potential.
There you are! You are know more aware of what an inclusive education system is. What are your thoughts on it? Let us know in the comments below.