When a person drops out of the education system without being able to complete all the requirements for a diploma, he or she becomes a school dropout.
This problem has many social, emotional and family consequences. By not being in an educational system that allows for professional development opportunities in the future, young people risk falling into criminal acts or the use of substances that are harmful to their bodies, such as drugs.
In the most developed countries, there is a high dropout rate in higher education such as university or the profession. On the other hand, in less developed countries, such as those in Latin America, it is more frequent in primary and secondary education.
As soon as there is the slightest indication that a student community is dropping out of school, or that it is obvious and high, all those involved with the capacity to help must act immediately.
Causes of Dropping out of School
Financial problems within the family can be one of the most common causes of school dropout. When parents do not have sufficient resources to give their children the conditions and tools to attend school, the student refuses to maintain attendance.
If the educational institute is far from the student’s home, this can become a justifiable cause if transportation to the school is complicated or non-existent. There are places where children walk to school and the distances are much longer.
Social exclusion from peers, teachers, and the community itself tends to affect school performance.
This produces an antipathy towards school, which provides a perfect niche for dropping out to be the most viable option. Added to this are problems at home. Most likely, the student will stop attending classes and engage in other less productive activities.
If the student has some type of learning problem, which is not being properly addressed due to teacher neglect or ignorance, an aversion to education may be generated.
The social situation of the country in which the student’s community is located plays an important role in school desertion. If there is no solid structure of the educational system that allows for inclusion and ease of attendance, the dropout rate tends to be higher.
Consequences of Dropping out of School
In communities where school dropout is more prevalent, it is where there are more people without formal education. This means that skilled labor is scarce and informal trade proliferates greatly.
The big problem this brings to society is that companies will not have the most qualified personnel. On the other hand, the lack of education does not allow to have the adequate knowledge to perform certain tasks.
In the long run, this ends up causing failures, delays and even the closure of companies or businesses. In the worst case scenario, vandalism and crime rates increase.
Not being prepared for a proper working life through the acquisition of formal educational knowledge, many of these young people fall into delinquency.
School dropout is much higher, the level of danger and mischief is much higher than in countries where the level of preparation is higher.
How to Prevent Dropout From Home
In order to prevent the dropout rate from continuing to increase, it is necessary that parents and representatives of children and adolescents promote school attendance. In the home, there must be harmony and dedication to the young student so that he or she does not fall into depression and frustration.
When the home environment is conducive to the healthy growth of the child, the child maintains an education based on the values passed on by the parents. The most positive thing is going to school and there should be no reason to think about not going back.
By maintaining a daily study routine and promoting discipline in education, dropping out of school at home is greatly avoided.
Resources must be provided for young people to maintain a positive interest in completing their education, becoming professionals, and achieving those merits so noted in society. It is important that children are happy, but at the same time that they are able to defend themselves with knowledge and social bases.
How to Avoid School Dropout From the Classroom
Teachers, administrators, and anyone else who interacts with the student in the school can actively participate in dropout prevention. The teacher must keep the group interested in the instruction he or she is providing by making the class enjoyable. He/she can use appropriate tones of voice, keeping control of the group and with a certain level of cordiality towards the students.
It is very important not to allow any type of exclusion from other students towards someone else, or a group of students because they have differences with others.
Fostering an atmosphere of cordiality is a very time-consuming task for a teacher, but it is the goal. He or she must integrate them so that they will want to stay in school.
When a student is detected as having a potential dropout characteristic, caution must be exercised. Staff must be able to take the necessary steps to provide the support and assistance needed.
Motivating all students is an excellent technique to maintain their interest, using innovative, different and current tools that adapt to the reality and maturity of each student.
When correcting any type of assignment, work or homework, attendance must be objective in the adjectives used. The goal is to ensure that students do not feel contempt or some sort of exclusion for not meeting the established requirements.
This does not mean that teachers should be soft or permissive with students. They must be vigilant in case there is a possibility of increased dropout to take into account and avoid this type of action.
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